Saxse faras - documental voces silenciadas online dating
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The literary - IV - Arabic gives us, for example, faias "a mare" while the vernacular has fara§. The suffixed pronouns in connection with iya express a warning, which may be rendered by either should, - or must - beware iyak Take care! lyah irooh He should beware of going away, iyahah titkasal She should beware of being lazy.
The Latin script has been used throughout, in order to give the precise pronounciation, each word being transliterated as uttered in the vernacular, regardless of its form in literary Arabic from which there are many deviations, especially in the s sounds. are suffixed to verbs they express the object in the accusative. sing, becomes ni, while the verbal endings oo of the 2'^'* and S'*^ pers.
The necessary limits of such a Manual obviously preclude the possibility of presenting a Grammar which is exhaustive, even in regard to the vernacular; it is how- ever hoped that it may be found to include all that is necessary for such practical use as has been suggested. f sing, of the perfect and imperfect become oo and ee, respectively, before suffixes. Paradigms, a) Perfect with pronominal suffixes: fhimtak I have understood you (thee) (m.).
In these days of multiplication of railways, hotels, and other conveniences of travel, when the often obtrusive dragoman is happily becoming less of a necessity, the demand for a practical phrase-book is increasingly urgent.
I have sought to adapt this work to the Arabic student interested in the dialect as such, as well as to those requiring the language for daily use iu Palestine ; also to the passing traveller seeking to make himself understood, and to understand those about him. fihmooki They „ „ you (f.) b) Imperfect with pronominal suffixes : byifhamni He understands me.
Such manuals, moreover, contain many words which occur only in modern, literary Arabic, and which, as not belonging to the vernacular and not understood by the populace, have, in this volume, been carefully excluded. fhimnakoom We have „ you (plur.\ fliimtooliobm You „ „ them.
AND E.^NASRALLAH HADDAD Teacher of Arabic at the Teachers' Seminary of the Syrisches Waisenhaus in Jerusalem. Such manuals as already exist in English are, for the most part, adapted for the Egyptian Arabic, or for the Libanese such as is spoken in Beirut and in the north, or for other special districts, and may be misleading, especially in nomenclature, to such as have learnt no Arabic whatever; and confusing to those who, like my- self, when I came into this part of the country six years ago, are students of the classical language only.
(Rutgers Co U.) Sometime Fellow of The American School of Archaeology and Oriental Research in Jerusalem. stanc The present volume has grown out of a need — which I have abundant reason to suppose that others as well as myself have experienced — for some means of acquiring a knowledge of the Arabic dialect spoken, not only in Jerusalem, but with some slight variations, in the whole of Palestine, to-day.
These changes being characteristic of the c^i' ^quial Arabic, the fact of such differences is not indicated, as th nual has no concern but with the spoken language of to-day.
It m^.^ be remarked that vowels are not always used consistently, especially the do sound and short i, which are often interchanged even in the same district. The possessive pronouns : mine, yours, ours, theirs, are also expressed by bta' or shait with the sutfixed pronoun.
One may hear koblle as well as kille, himl as well as hdbml.
It is therefore the more important that the beginner should pay attention to the correct pronouuciation of consonants, as well as to the placing of the accent, which we have indicated whenever a word occurs for the first time, and often, later.